Pediatric Cleft & Craniofacial Fellowship
Stanford University Medical Center
Integrated Plastic, Reconstructive, and Hand Surgery Residency
University of Cincinnati Medical Center
Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine
Bachelor of Arts, Magna Cum Laude
Craniofacial, Cleft Lip & Palate Surgeon
Commission for Children with Special Health Care Needs
Louisville, KY 40202
Attending Pediatric Plastic Surgeon
Kosair Children’s Hospital / Norton Healthcare
231 E Chestnut St, Louisville, KY 40202
Louisville Surgery Center
444 S 1st St #201, Louisville, KY 40202
Honors and Research Awards
Best Paper Presentation for the Research and Technology Session: American Society of Plastic Surgeons, The Meeting (2013)
Second Best Basic Science Clinical Paper: Ohio Valley Society for Plastic Surgeons (2013)
Plastic Surgery Resident Research Award (2014)
Plastic Surgery Resident Research Award (2013)
Plastic Surgery Resident Research Award (2012)
Plastic Surgery Resident Academic Achievement Award for In-service Exam (2013)
Plastic Surgery Resident Academic Achievement Award for In-service Exam (2011)
Alpha Omega Alpha, NEOUCOM (2008)
Phi Beta Kappa Society, Miami University (2004)
Golden Key National Honor Society (2004)
National Society of Collegiate Scholars (2004)
Alpha Lambda Delta/ Phi Eta Sigma Honors Fraternity (2004)
Momeni A, Rapp SJ, Donneys A, Buchman SR, Wan DC. Clinical Use of Deferoxamine in Distraction Osteogenesis of Irradiated Bone. J Craniofac Surg. 2016
Rapp SJ, Schwentker AR, Pan BS. Establishing a reproducible hypertrophic scar
following thermal injury: A porcine model. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2015 Feb;3:e309.
Rapp SJ, Pan BS, Vu A, Uribbe A, Billmire DA, Gordon CB. Evolution in Minimal
Incision Palatoplasty (MIP): Surgical Technique and Outcomes in 67 Consecutive
Cases. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 134(1):102-111. July 2014.
Rapp SJ, Pan BS, Yakuboff KP. Flail extremity resulting from constriction
band syndrome: Neurovascular implications and surgical management.
Cas Rep Plast Surg Hand Surg. 2014: 1(1):29-32.
Rapp SJ, Pan BS, Kitzmiller WJ. Lower Lid Subciliary Blepharoplasty. Medscape Reference. Updated July 16, 2013. Available at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/
Rapp SJ, Jones DC, Billmire DA, Taylor JA. Dissection in the subgaleal and
subperiosteal plane: Implications on scalp wound healing. J Plast Surg Hand Surg.
Pan BS, Rapp SJ, Billmiare DA. Treatment Strategies for Neonates with Tongue-
based Obstruction. Plastic Surgery Hyperguide. Epub 2013 May. Retrieved from http://www.plasticsurgery.hyperguides.com/activity.aspx?aid=77195.
Rapp SJ, Jones DC, Gerety P, Taylor JA. Repairing critical-sized rat calvarial
defects with progenitor cell-seeded acellular periosteum: a novel biomimetic
scaffold. Surgery. 2012 Oct;152(4):595-604, 605.e1; discussion 604-5.
Rapp, S.J.; Uribe-Rivera, A.; Pan, B.S.; et al. Outcomes and Analysis When Utilizing a Minimal Incision Lefort III Osteotomy and Rigid External Distraction on Sydromic Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 132(4S-1):123, October 2013.
Rapp, S.J.; Rumberg, A.; Runyan, C.; et al. Implications of Immediate Autologous Fat Grafting and Expanded Adipose-Derived Progenitor Cells on Hypertrophic Scar Maturation in a Swine Model. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 132(4S-1):46, October 2013. (Best Abstract)
National/ International Presentations
Runyan CM; Rapp S; Gordon CB. Radical bi-maxillary distraction in severe mandibulofacial dysostosis. Presentation at the 16th International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgeons, Tokyo Bay, Japan. Sept 14-18th, 2015.
Rapp S, Gordon CB. Mandibular Distraction via Cranial Traction in Syndromic Micrognathia. Presentation at the 16th International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgeons, Tokyo Bay, Japan. Sept 14-18th, 2015.
Rapp SJ; Hunter D; Gurpreet Singh; Movva N; Wan DC. The effects of mandibular distraction osteogenesis on condylar load and stress distribution: A finite element analysis model. Accepted for Presentation at the 16th International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgeons, Tokyo Bay, Japan. Sept 14-18th, 2015.
Rapp SJ; Rumberg A; Runyan C; Schwentker AR, Billmire DA; Pan BS. Implications of Immediate Autologous Fat Grafting and Expanded Adipose-derived Progenitor Cells on Hypertrophic Scar Maturation in a Swine Model. Presented at the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, The Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA. October 11-15th, 2013.
Rapp SJ; Uribe-Rivera A; Pan BS; Billmire DA; Gordon CB. Free Parascapular Flaps For Pruzansky III Hypoplastic Mandibles: Our Experience With 7 Patients. Presented at the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, The Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA. October 11-15th, 2013.
Rapp, SJ; Uribe-Rivera A; Pan BS; Billmire DA; Gordon CB. Minimal incision Lefort III osteotomy with rigid external distraction: Analysis and clinical outcomes of 12 syndromic craniosynostotic patients. Presentated at the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery 15th International Congress. Jackson Hole, WY. September 10th-14th, 2013.
Rapp SJ; Rumberg A; Schwentker AR; Pan BS. A Comparison of Immediate Autologous Fat Grafting and Expanded Adipose-derived Progenitor Cells on Hypertrophic Scarring in a Swine Model. Presented at the Ohio Valley Society of Plastic Surgeons 56th Annual Meeting. Indianapolis, IN. May 17th-19th, 2013.
Rapp SJ; Jones DC; Billmire DA; Taylor JA. Repairing Critical-Sized Rat Calvarial Defects with Progenitor Cell-Seeded Acellular Periosteum: A Novel Biomimetic Scaffold. Presented at the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association 69th Annual Meeting. San Jose, California. April 17th-21st, 2012.
Rapp SJ; Jones DC; Billmire DA; Taylor JA. Revitalizing Acellular Periosteum: Implications for Guided Tissue Regeneration in Bony Defects. Poster Presentation at the American Association of Plastic Surgery 91st Annual Meeting. San Francisco, California. April 14th-17th, 2012.
Rapp SJ; Jones DC; Billmire DA; Taylor JA . Neoperiosteum as a new strategy in addressing bony deficiencies: Augmenting allograft integration with mesenchymal progenitor cells. Presented at the Central Surgical Association 69th Annual Meeting. Madison, Wisconsin. March 1st-3rd, 2012.
Visiting Professor Presentations
Rapp SJ. Surgical management of mandibular hypoplasia and tongue-based obstruction in infants. Kosair Pediatric/Neonatal ICU Grand Rounds. Louisville, KY. October 15th, 2015.
Basic Science Research
Stanford Hospital Medical Center: Use of finite element analysis to predict non-physiologic stress loads on the osteotomized facial skeleton when undergoing distraction osteogenesis. (2014-present)
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Center: Comparing use of adipose-derived progenitor cells with immediate transplantation versus cellular expansion to mitigate hypertrophic scarring in a swine model. (2012-present)
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Center: Determining effects of subgaleal and subperiosteal dissection on wound healing and calvarial bone remodeling in a rat model following coronal incision. (2011)
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Center: Acellular persiosteum seeded with cultured mesynchymal progenitor cell lines and its effects on calvarial bone tissue engineering following trauma. Funded by AAPS Academic Scholarship. (2010)
Surgical Research Assistant: Akron Plastics Group, Summa Health Systems, James A Lehman, M.D. (2007)
Surgical Research Assistant: Falor Center of Vascular Research, Summa Health Systems, Steve Schmidt, Ph.D. (2005-2006)
State Medical Licensure
Board Eligible: American Board of Plastic Surgery
Written Boards- Passed (2015)
Medical Device Company
Leadership Positions/ Professional Memberships
Resident Advisory Committee Member Representative (2012)
American Cleft Palate/Craniofacial Association (2012-Present)
Selected International Missions: Intracranial Procedures and Distraction at the William Solar Children’s Hospital. Havana, Cuba. (2014-Present)
Professional Soccer Player - PSV Eindhoven, NL (1999-2000)
PSV Soccer Camp Coordinator/Coach (2001-2009)
Miami Club Soccer Captain (2000-2003)
Miami Women’s Club Soccer Coach (2001-2003)
Member of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity, Theta Upsilon Chapter (2000-present)